Hemp and marijuana are both derived from the same plant species: Cannabis sativa. Within Cannabis sativa are varieties that are bred for various purposes. Plants grown to produce fiber and seed products are called “hemp” while plants grown for medicinal or recreational purposes (traditionally, a high THC content) are referred to as “marijuana.” These definitions have led to the conventional notion that marijuana products are high in THC, while hemp products contain little or undetectable THC, and instead are high in full spectrum oil. As the cannabis industry continues to grow and research attempts to further elucidate genetic differences between cannabis and hemp, this terminology and how we classify cannabis plants could (and should) change.
For policymakers, a limited and often misinformed knowledge in cannabis genetics makes differentiating hemp and marijuana a difficult and superficial task. In the 1970s, Canadian scientist Ernest Small published a taxonomic report in which he drew an arbitrary line: he decided that 0.3% THC in a sifted batch of cannabis flowers was what determined the difference between hemp and marijuana. This decision, written 30 years ago in obscurity has had far-reaching ramifications for how countries all over the world regulate cannabis. In the US, any cannabis plant with a THC content higher than 0.3% is deemed marijuana and therefore federally illegal.
Although marijuana and hemp both stem from the cannabis family, they have many differences. The hemp plant has only trace amounts of THC and is very high in CBD and CBG, while the marijuana plant is the exact opposite.
THC is the chemical that makes people “high.” It is a chemical that the human body can biologically process, but one that pets cannot; and because they cannot metabolize it the same way as humans, THC is very dangerous to pets.
Make sure you’re only using a hemp-derived CBD or CBG product on your pet. We always recommend choosing a pet-specific CBD brand, as it’s essential to make sure all ingredients are pet-friendly and that you’re administering the right potency based on your pet’s size. You never want to give your pet a CBD oil derived from the marijuana plant because it can have high THC levels. If this accidentally happens, take your pet to the vet immediately.
What is the difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum?
Holistic Hound offers both full-spectrum (contains less than 0.3% THC) and broad-spectrum (contains an undetectable amount of THC) hemp products for pets. Our full-spectrum hemp products contain trace amounts of THC (below 0.3%) that are both safe and effective for pets. Our broad spectrum hemp products have no detectable THC in them and are great for pet parents that are new to CBD and may be hesitant to try a product with even trace amounts of THC.
Every batch for all of our products are third-party tested for heavy metals, pesticides, microbial contaminants, and potency, and the results can be found on our website.
Holistic Hound is also a proud member of the National Animal Supplement Council, following its strict quality standards.
Find out more about full and broad spectrum differences in a separate FAQ below!
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an intricate network of receptors located throughout the body of all humans and animals. It regulates all bodily processes such as sleep, mood, digestion, memory, hormones, and reduction of discomfort, and promotes and restores optimal balance throughout the body and brain, known as “homeostasis.” The ECS was discovered in the early 1980s, but evidence indicates that some version of it has existed in all vertebrates for at least 600 million years, suggesting that these receptors play a crucial role in the functioning of life.
The two major cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are most abundant in the brain and central nervous system while CB2 receptors are found primarily in the gastrointestinal tract and immune system; however, both are found throughout the body.
Endocannabinoids are molecules that are produced naturally by cells in the body (“endo” means “within,” as in within the body) that bind to and activate cannabinoid receptors. When the body does not produce enough endocannabinoids or cannot regulate them properly, we are more susceptible to illness.
“Full Spectrum” and “Broad Spectrum” are two terms used to characterize the refinement and filtration steps for the hemp used in our products.
Full Spectrum is initially distilled through an extraction method, either supercritical C02 or thermal (also known as vapor distilled). Upon completion, if a product doesn’t undergo an additional filtration step, it is considered “Full Spectrum.” Full spectrum hemp oil contains all the phytocannabinoids and beneficial constituents that naturally exist in the hemp plant. These constituents include CBD, CBC, CBG, up to 0.3% THC, flavonoids, terpenes, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, and phenolic compounds.
Broad Spectrum hemp implies an additional filtration step to remove THC after the initial distillation. Both full and broad spectrum hemp contain a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Isolates contain one individual cannabinoid (CBD, CBG, CBC, etc.) with no other beneficial cannabinoids or constituents present. We believe isolates are not as beneficial as full and broad spectrum products because full and broad spectrum contain all of the beneficial constituents working together (something known as the entourage effect.)
You might have noticed another descriptor for CBD – something called “water soluble hemp.” Our Broad Spectrum Hemp & Mushroom Soft Chews and Mighty Mojo Broad Spectrum Hemp & Mushroom Oil both contain water soluble CBD – which is thought to allow for greater absorption and availability as it travels through the body. When something is ‘water soluble’ it means it is water “miscible” or “hydrophilic,” meaning it’s attracted to water. Our bodies are comprised of mostly water, which is why water soluble CBD is thought to have higher absorption properties.
Traditional hemp oil repels water and therefore, may lose some of its effectiveness as it is absorbed. Traditional hemp oil is best given on an empty stomach and away from food, but water soluble hemp can be given during or after mealtime.
At Holistic Hound we offer a full and broad spectrum option for you to choose from that are both safe and effective for dogs and cats.
- CBD from USDA Certified Organic Full Spectrum Hemp Oil, (<0.3% THC)
- CBG from USDA Certified Organic Full Spectrum Hemp Oil, (<0.3% THC)
- Full Spectrum Soothing Balm For Dogs (<0.3% THC)
- Hemp and Mushroom Bites with 3 mg, 7.5 mg, and 12 mg CBD from USDA Certified Organic Full Spectrum Hemp (<0.3% THC)
- Broad Spectrum Hemp (Undetectable THC)
- Broad Spectrum Hemp with Wild-Crafted Chaga Mushrooms (Undetectable THC)
- Broad Spectrum Hemp and Mushroom Soft Chews with 6 mg water soluble hemp powder (Undetectable THC)
- In addition, our products are third party tested for potency and purity so you can be confident you are getting a safe and effective product. Our recommended serving size is conservative and we have had great results; however, you can safely increase the dose incrementally to get the desired effect.
Click on “directions for use” on each product for administration suggestions.
Supercritical C02 Extraction (without Ethanol):
Our USDA Certified Organic Full Spectrum Oils with CBD and CBG and Soothing Balm utilize supercritical CO2 extraction. This extract is processed in a way that can control the pressure and temperature, and also can remove the chlorophyll, fats, and waxes. It does not use ethanol to purify the oil and retains more terpenes, CBD, and other cannabinoids as it is not exposed to high temperatures.
Supercritical CO2 Extraction (with Ethanol):
Our Broad Spectrum Hemp Oils and Soft Chews utilize supercritical CO2 extraction. Supercritical CO2 is a safe and effective method that uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to produce an extract rich in terpenes, CBD, and other cannabinoids. This extract is further subjected to winterization with ethanol which is used in the final stages to remove chlorophyll, fats, and waxes from the product to purify the oil. It then goes through vacuum distillation to remove the ethanol from the finished product, leaving it at non-detectable amounts of residual solvents for ethanol, or zero PPM.
Vapor Distilled Extraction Technology:
Our Full Spectrum Hemp & Mushroom Bites and Full Spectrum Hemp Soft Chews for Cats utilize a patented, solvent-free, heated air “Flash Activation™” system which extracts in seconds, thereby preserving naturally occurring terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoid profiles for a pure and potent product. Higher terpenes = stronger effects!
Mushrooms have been used for food and medicine for thousands of years in many cultures. They have been well researched and reported to have the following benefits:
- Support and modulate the immune system
- Help maintain a normal inflammatory response
- Antioxidant protection
- Help support liver and kidney function
- Help support blood sugar and blood pressure within normal ranges
- Help maintain normal histamine levels and support seasonal skin allergies
We use suppliers with farms in both Colorado & Vermont that use sustainable and organic farming practices. These suppliers have been audited to ensure they meet Holistic Hound’s standards.
No. Experts agree that CBD and CBG is safe, non-toxic, non-intoxicating, and well-tolerated.
Holistic Hound is a certified member of the National Animal Supplement Council (NASC), a highly respected organization that works closely with federal and state regulators to ensure the safety, accuracy, and quality of companion animal health supplements. Members must adopt and comply with their strict quality control system in order to be eligible for their coveted Seal of Quality. Animal safety and transparency are our top priorities, which is we third-party test all our products from accredited labs for potency and purity so you can be confident you are getting a safe and effective product.
We believe in full transparency, which is why we disclose where our ingredients are sourced, extraction methods used, and never use “proprietary blends.” We believe in solutions, not confusion – which is why retailers, veterinarians, and consumers around the USA trust Holistic Hound.
Click here to view 3rd party lab results.
Both CBG and CBD are compounds found in the cannabis plant (out of more than 100 cannabinoids). CBD and CBG have much in common, including numerous overlapping benefits, but they differ in their formation, availability, and how the molecular makeup of each compound interacts with our pets’ systems.
- Calming effect
- Helps maintain a healthy intestinal tract
- Supports a healthy inflammatory response
- Urinary and digestion support
- Promotes a sense of relaxation and mental alertness
CBD and CBG have these benefits in common:
- Calmness and relaxation
- Stress management
- Digestion support
- May help relieve occasional stiffness
- Endocannabinoid system support
- Sourced in the USA
- Immune Support
- NASC certified
Holistic Hound is proudly sold in authorized retailers across the United States. Click on this link to find a store near you. If your favorite pet store doesn’t offer Holistic Hound, be sure to ask for it!